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Pablo Ruiz Picasso (Full name) (October 25, 1881 in Málaga, Spain ? April 8, 1973) was a Spanish painter and one of the recognized figures in 20th century art, probably most famous as the co-founder, along with Georges Braque, of cubism. He worked mainly with paint, but had equal facility in oil, watercolour, pastels, charcoal, pencil and ink. He famously rendered complex scenes as just a few geometric shapes in his mixed-media cubist works, but also produced masterful realist portraits.
Picasso's work is often categorized into "periods". While the names of many of his later periods are debated, the most commonly accepted periods in his work are:
The first cubist painting, Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907).Blue Period (1901?1904), consisting of sombre, blue-tinted paintings influenced by a trip through Spain and the recent death of a friend, often featuring depictions of acrobats, harlequins, prostitutes, beggars and artists. Rose Period (1905?1907), characterized by a more cheerful style with orange and pink colors, and again featuring many harlequins. He met Fernande Olivier in Paris at this time, and many of these paintings are influenced by his warm relationship with her, in addition to his exposure to French painting. African-influenced Period (1908?1909), influenced by the two figures on the right in his painting of Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, he used African artifacts as the inspiration for his work. Analytic Cubism (1909?1912), a style of painting he developed along with Braque using monochrome brownish colours, where they took apart objects and "analyzed" them in terms of their shapes.
Picasso and Braque's paintings at this time are very similar to each other. Synthetic Cubism (1912?1919), involving the use of collage and cut paper, the first time collage had been used in fine art. ......
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